The rise of the criminally anti-immigrant Golden Dawn in the 2012 general elections has caught the attention of world media, and has caused widespread consternation in Greece and abroad. In this pamphlet Aristos Doxiadis and Manos Matsaganis argue that Golden Dawn is in many ways a manifestation of a world view that is widely shared in Greece, albeit at its most violent extreme. They set the recent rise of xenophobic populism against the background of five distinct but related developments:
1. The consolidation of national exceptionalism as the default world view of most Greeks;
2. The discontent associated with the mass influx of foreign immigrants;
3. The political fallout from the economic crisis;
4. The rise of national populism as an economic ideology;
5. The culture of lawlessness and disobedience, and lack of faith in the political system and in the institutions of law enforcement.